Breast implant surgeries pose a great number of risks and anyone considering undergoing one should be informed about all the possible (undesired) outcomes. Here is a closer look at just some of the many dangers related to breast implant surgery.
1. Implant complications
There is a long list of complications connected to implants that are possible to occur as a result of breast implant surgery. They include:
- Asymmetry: A condition whereby the breasts differ in shape, in terms of size, contour or breast level.
- Breast Pain: Pain experienced in the breast and nipple area.
- Breast Tissue Atrophy: The breast skin tends to shrink and thin.
- Calcification: Hard lumps form beneath the skin in the implant region. During routine check-up including mammography these calcifications may be confused for cancer, leading to additional, unnecessary surgery.
- Capsular Contracture: This involves contraction of the tissue capsule surrounding an implant. It can lead to inflexibility of the breast and constricting of the implant, if chronic. There are usually four capsular contracture grades called Baker grades – Grade I, II, III and IV. During Grade I the breast is usually soft and seems natural. In Grade II the breast is a bit firm and appears normal. In Grade III the breast is firm and appears abnormal, while in Grade IV the breast is hard, sore and appears abnormal. Grade III and IV are considered chronic and may require further surgery. Normally, the surgical process entails removing the implant with or devoid of replacement. There is a chance that capsular contracture may arise again following operation to correct it.
- Chest Wall Deformity: Where the underlying rib cage has the appearance of being deformed.
- Deflation: This is a condition where the saline solution flows out from a saline- filled breast implant. Occurs when the solution seeps out through the valve or when the implant ruptures. It can lead to partial or complete breakdown of the implant.
- Delayed Wound Healing: The incision site fails to cure or delays to heal.
- Extrusion: The skin collapses and the implant emerges above the skin.
- Hematoma: Blood tends to collect near the surgical area. It can result in inflammation, bruising and pain. Usually hematomas occur almost immediately following surgery; however, they may occur at any time there is damage to the breast. Small hematomas can be absorbed by the body; however, large ones may need medical intervention like surgical draining.
- Iatrogenic Damage: Implant surgery can lead to damage of body tissue or implant.
- Infection, such as Toxic Shock Syndrome: Arises once wounds are contaminated by microorganisms like bacteria or fungi. The implant may have to be removed should an infection fail to respond to antibiotics.
- Inflammation: When the body responds to infections it gets inflamed. Inflammation is characterized by redness, swelling, pain, warmth, as well as dysfunction.
- Lymph Edema: Obstruction or blockage of the lymph vessels that drain fluid of the tissue. Resulting in fluid retention and causing swelling of the lymph nodes.
- Displacement: The implant gets displaced to a wrong place in the breast region. This may occur during surgery or after surgery if the implant reallocates from its original position. Factors like gravity, capsular contracture or trauma can cause this shifting.
- Necrosis: This involves formation of dead skin or tissue in the areas surrounding the breast. It’s caused by infection, smoking, utilization of steroids in the operated breast area, radiation, and extreme high temperature or cold therapy.
- Changes in Breast Sensitivity: Breast implants can lead to an increase or reduction in breast sensitivity. These changes can be short-term or permanent. It can also have an effect on sexual response and breast feeding.
- Palpability: Being able to feel the implant through the skin.
- Ptosis: Sagging or drooping of the breast – just as it would from aging, breastfeeding or weight loss.
- Redness: The skin changes coloration as a result of bleeding during surgery.
- Rupture: Due to a cut in the lining of the implant wall. The longer a breast implant is worn, the higher the risks of an implant rupture.
- Seroma: Fluids collecting around the implant. It can lead to inflammation, pain and redness. The body can absorb small seromas while large ones may need a surgical drain.
- Skin Rash: There are possibilities of rashes appearing around the implant area.
- Unsatisfactory Size: Patient may not be satisfied with the general appearance of the enlarged breasts due to the size or shape of the implant utilized.
- Visibility: When the breast implant can be seen through the skin.
- Rippling: Lining of the breast implant may be felt or observed through the skin.
2. Further Surgeries
Breast implants are temporary devices. Wearing a breast implant for a long time increases the risk of having complex complications which may sometimes require the implants to be removed.
There are no guarantees that there are going to be satisfactory aesthetic results from any necessary extra operations. The kind of surgical procedure carried out during a re-operation depends on the complications. You may require having to go through more than one re-operation during your lifespan as a result of one or several complications.
One or more surgical procedures can be carried out in a one re-operation. The different types of surgical processes that may be carried out are:
- Removing the breast, with or devoid of replacement
- Removal of damaged capsule tissue surrounding the breast implant
- Wound revision, like surgical-removal of surplus scar tissue
- Hematoma drain by putting in a surgical needle or tube via the skin to draw off the collected blood
- Relocation of the implant through surgically opening the cut and shifting the implant
- Biopsy involving insertion of a surgical needle via the skin to get rid of a lump.
3. Removal of the implant
Most women with breast implants have to have it removed at some point in their life due to complications. They may decide to replace it or not. Consequently, cosmetically adverse dimpling, wrinkling, or drooping of their breasts may be experienced.
Some women who have undergone breast implant surgery are not able to breastfeed. Women having had mastectomies performed, followed by breast implant restoration surgeries are not capable of breastfeeding as a result of breast tissue loss, as well as the loss of the glands which produce milk. Furthermore, studies show that women with breast implants have been found to carry babies with low weight during pregnancy and also give birth to low-weight babies.
Anyone uncomfortable with the thought of experiencing any of the ill side-effects just described, is strongly urged to reconsider breast implant surgery as an option.
There are plenty of natural breast expansion options available – today so there is no need for anyone to put their beauty, health, or life at risk with an extremely dangerous breast implant surgery.